What is Floortime Therapy?

Floortime is a therapy and play-based approach used primarily to encourage children's development and strengthen emotional bonding. The term "floortime" is associated with the Sensory Integration and Communication Therapy (DIR/Floortime) model developed by Stanley I. Greenspan and Serena Wieder.

Floortime is particularly commonly used in children with developmental difficulties such as autism spectrum disorder. It can also be applied to other children and teenagers to support children's emotional, social and cognitive development.

Floortime involves the therapist or parent interacting with the child in a natural play environment. The therapist or parent selects activities that will interest the child in order to identify the child's interests and strengths, create emotional bonds and encourage communication skills. These activities should be appropriate to the developmental level and interests of the child.

The floortime approach aims to encourage the child's interest and participation, empathize with him, connect on an emotional level, improve communication skills and increase social interactions. Thus, the social, emotional and cognitive development of the child is supported and strengthened.

How is Floortime Therapy Applied?

Floortime Therapy is a therapy method used to improve the emotional, social and cognitive skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Floortime involves therapists interacting with children by focusing on their interests and playing with them by entering their world. Therapy is designed and customized according to the child's developmental level. Here are the basic application steps of Floortime Therapy:

1. Observation and Evaluation: The therapy process begins with an evaluation phase to understand the child's abilities, interests, strengths and weaknesses. This assessment helps the therapist get to know the child better and personalize therapy.

2. Participation in Child's Interests: The therapist identifies the child's interests and interacts with the child by participating in these interests. This is an important step to enter the child's world and initiate communication.

3. Feedback and Encouragement: The therapist appreciates and gives feedback to the child's behavior during the interaction. Shows an understanding approach to negative behaviors while encouraging positive behaviors.

4. Follow-up and Collaboration: The therapist constantly monitors the play to keep the child's interest and proposes new ideas and activities that will interest the child. By cooperating with the child, he adapts to his world.

5. Language and Communication Development: Floortime Therapy promotes language and communication skills. The therapist interacts to develop the child's expressive skills and establishes meaningful dialogues with him.

6. Problem Solving and Thinking Skills: The therapist can ask challenging questions in the game to support the child's problem solving and thinking skills and find solutions with it.

7. Family Involvement: Floortime Therapy encourages families to effectively integrate the benefits of therapy into the child's daily life. Collaborating with families, the therapist suggests strategies and activities that can be applied at home.

An important point to remember is that Floortime Therapy is a therapy method that requires a customized approach for each child. The therapist must be flexible to understand the child's individual needs and provide appropriate interactions. Therefore, the therapy process should be shaped in accordance with the development level and interests of the child.

Who is Floortime Therapy Applied to?

Floortime therapy is suitable for children of all ages and can be used in particular:

1. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): Floortime can be effective in improving the social and communication skills of children with ASD.

2. Children with delayed language and communication skills: Floortime can be used to support language and communication development.

3. Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Floortime therapy can help improve attention and impulse control in children with ADHD.

4. Children with developmental delays: Floortime can support the skills of children with retardation in various developmental areas.

5. Children with emotional difficulties: Floortime therapy can help children who have difficulties with emotional regulation and relational security.

Who Applies Floortime Therapy?

In particular, the following professional groups can apply floortime therapy:

1. Educators and Teachers: Especially teachers with experience in the field of special education can use floortime therapy in working with children.

2. Psychologists and Therapists: Psychologists and therapists working with children and adolescents can integrate floortime therapy into their therapy programs.

3. Occupational therapists: Children's daily life activities